Not much is known about the populations of pygmy seahorses so conservation efforts are limited. However, it is believed they are vulnerable to habitat distruction because of their small range. They also appear to become stressed when observed by divers with lights, leading many to fear that the divers may unwittingly cause a problem for pygmy seahorses.
Because little is known, they are classified as “Data Deficient.” It is probable that they will be collected for trade for their remarkable beauty. These species need much more research in order to find out its status so that policies can be implemented to keep them safe and protected. However, this will prove to be challenging because of its ability to hide so well. It is important that they are secure from exploitation of their stunning appearance. There are already projects and teams committed to conserving seahorses and their habitats.
Pygmy seahorses are only found living in coral reefs, sea grass beds, and algae, which makes them vulnerable to habitat destruction of that species of coral is destroyed. Most of the host corals have been found to be nearly impossible to maintain in captivity. Because these corals can only thrive in the wild, it is possible that divers may disrupt the environment of the pygmy seahorses. Gorgonian corals are susceptible to destruction by divers, which could spell disaster for some species that are dependant on certain gorgonians. It is important that divers use caution when viewing these animals.
Read more about the Plight of the Pygmy Seahorse.